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布小林: 一首永远动听的草原牧歌

快三  2017nian11yue21ri,xijinpingzongshujijineimengguzizhiqusuniteyouqiwulanmuqiduiyuanhuixin,chengzan“wulanmuqishiquanguowenyizhanxiandeyimianqizhi”,mianlitamenyongyuanzuocaoyuanshangde“hongsewenyiqingqibing”。liushiduonianfendoulichengsuoyunyudewulanmuqijingshenshikuaisanyongbaoxinshidai、fenjinxinshidaidezhongyaojingshendongli。fayangwulanmuqiyouliangchuantong,hongyangwulanmuqijingshen,duiyukuaisanbuwangchuxin、laojishiming,kuaisanlianglineimenggu,gongyuanweidazhongguomeng,juyouzhongyaoyiyi。 

  yi 

  wulanmuqidedanshengshidangdewenyiluxianzaishaoshuminzudiqudechenggongshijian,yeshichuanchenggemingchuantongdezhongyaochengguo。zaozai1919niandewusiyundonghe1921nianzhongguogongchandangdanshengzhishi,neimenggubufenxianjinmengguzuqingnianjiukaishijieshoumakesilieningzhuyihexinwenhuadegemingsixiang,toushendaohonghonglieliededagemingzhong,chengweigemingsixianghexinwenhuadechuanbozhe。1939nian,weixuanchuandangdekangrizhuzhanghezhengce,yizhimengguzuqingshaonianwenyixuanchuanduizaigeminggenjudiyananchengli,chengweidangdexuanchuanduiwuzhongfuyouminzutesedeliliang。suizhegemingxingshidefazhan,1945nian,tamenbagemingwenyidehuozhongdaihuineimenggucaoyuan, 1946nian4yue,chuanglishaoshuminzudiquyizhizhengguiwenyituanti——neimengguwengongtuan。zheizhiduiwuduanxiaojinggan、duiyuanwenwujianbei,jiandingzhixingdangdewenyiluxian,jiandingguanchemaozedongtongzhizaiyananwenyizuotanhuishangdejianghuajingshen,jianjuejinxinggemingdouzheng,yibianyudirenyuxuefenzhan,yibianweizhanshihenongmuminyanchu,yiwenyidexingshixuanchuangemingsixiang,jiaoyufadongqunzhong,youlizhichineimenggudejiefangshiye,yepeiyangheduanlianleyidapishaoshuminzuwenhuagugan。1947nianneimengguzizhiquchenglihou,gemingdewenxueyishu、tushuchuban、guangbodianyingdengshiyecongwudaoyou、congxiaodaoda,chuangzuochuxuduowenxue、xiju、yinle、wudao、meishuyouxiuzuopin。1957nian5yue,weishidangdefangzhenzhengcejishixuanchuanheguanchexiaqu,weijiejueguangdanongmuminwenhuashenghuokuifadewenti,zizhiquwenhuajujingguoyiduanshijianshenrudediaochayanjiu,renweimuquhebannongbanmuqudiyuliaokuo、juzhufensan、jiaotongbubian,bushihedazhongxingwenyituantiyanchuhuodong,tongshi,qixianwenhuaguanyizhendiwenhuahuodongweizhu,yuanyuanbunengmanzunongmumindexuqiu,juedingzaimuqudesuniteyouqihebannongbanmuqudewengniuteqishidian,jianliyizhiliudongdexiaoxingwenhuagongzuodui,bingjizheizhiwenhuagongzuoduiqileyigejizhangxianzongzhi,youfuyouminzutese、yunhanshengjihexiwangdemingzi——wulanmuqi。shidianchenggonghou,zizhiquzhiding《wulanmuqigongzuoshixingtiaoli》,bingzaimuquhebannongbanmuqupubianjianliwulanmuqi。zizhiqudangwei、zhengfujiwulanmuqimingqueleyanchu、xuanchuan、fudao、kuaisansigefangmiandezhuyaozhize。 

  wulanmuqidechuanglitixiandangdeyaoqiuherenmindeyiyuan,zichengliqijiushoudaonongmumindehuanyinghexiai,guangdanongmumincongcibulihaote、bulimenggubaojiunengkandaosongshangmendewenyijiemu,jiunengzhidaodangdefangzhenzhengceheguoneiwaidashi。wulanmuqijichengyananwenyixuanchuanduihegemingzhanzhengniandaineimengguwengongtuanduanxiaojinggan、duiyuanyizhuanduonengdetedian,zhuangbeiqingbianlinghuo,jiemuxiaoxingduoyang,neirongjintienongmumindeshengchanshenghuo,jishishehuizhuyiwenhuadexuanchuandui、bozhongdui,yeshinongmuminshengchanshenghuodekuaisandui。nongmuminqinqiedibawulanmuqichengzuo“maozhuxipailaideweiwendui”。maozedong、zhouenlai、dengxiaopingdenglaoyibeigemingjiaduociguankanwulanmuqiyanchu,jiejianwulanmuqiduiyuan,chengzanwulanmuqi“shizhidexuexideshehuizhuyiwenyizhanxiandeyimianqizhi”,tichangquanguowenyijie“xiangneimengguwulanmuqixuexi”。1965nian,anzhaozhouenlaizonglibagemingdeyinlewudaochuanbianquanguo、quguwurenmindeyaoqiu,wulanmuqidaoquanguogedixunyan,shenrugongchang、nongcun、muqu、budui,haidaojinggangshan、yanandenggemingshengdi。jinggangshandequnzhongcongdangnianhongjunzhandouguodedifangkanlailianggentingbadecuizhu,songjiwulanmuqizuoqigan,xiwangwulanmuqigaojuhongqi、yongyuanxiangqian。quanguomuqufenfenchengliwulanmuqihuowenyixuanchuandui,gexinggeyexuexiwulanmuqijingshen。jiangzemin、hujintaotongzhidoucengguankanwulanmuqiyanchubingjiyukending、tichuqiwang。xinshidai,xijinpingzongshujijisuniteyouqiwulanmuqiduiyuanhuixin,weiwulanmuqifuyuxindelishishiming,weiwulanmuqishiyefazhanzhimingfangxiang。 

  

  er 

  liushiduonianlai,zaidangdelingdaoxia,yidaidaiwulanmuqiduiyuanbuwangchuxin、laojishiming,yingfengxue、maohanshu,zhangqizhanzhuanbasheyucaoyuan,fayangwulanmuqiyouliangchuantong,hongyangwulanmuqijingshen,shizhongzhagenjiceng、kuaisanrenmin,yongbaobense、wusifengxian,shouwangxiangzhu、jiankufendou,weiguangdanongmuminsongquhuanlehewenming、chuandidangdeshengyinheguanhuai。 

  zhagenjiceng、kuaisanrenmin。wulanmuqishizaiweinongmuminkuaisandeguochengzhongchengzhangqilaide。reairenmin、reaiyishu、reaiwulanmuqishiye,shizheizhi“hongsewenyiqingqibing”baochiqiangdashengminglidegenbensuozai。liushiduonianlai,wulunwaibutiaojianruhebianhua,wulanmuqidefangxiangmeiyoubian、zongzhimeiyoubian、jingshenmeiyoubian,shizhongzhagencaoyuan、mianxiangjiceng,bakuaisanrenminxiezaizijideqizhishang。renminzainali,wutaijiuzainali,“buloudiaoyigemenggubao,buluoxiayigenongmumin”,yishijixingdongquanshishehuizhuyiwenyijiushirenmindewenyizheiyibenzhi。wulanmuqiduiyuanyouxuduolaizinenggeshanwudenongmumin、gongrenhejiguanganbu,chuleyanchu,muminmangshenme,wulanmuqiduiyuanjiuganshenme,jianyangmao、xiuyangquan、dacao、jiegao,haibangzhumuminxiulizhongbiao、dianqi、motuohelifa,bujinchuandidangdeshengyin,jimuqudaiquhuanle,haiweiguangdanongmuminsongqukexuewenhua、yiliaokuaisanheshiyongjishu,yunongmuminqunzhongjianliqishenhoudeganqing,bingqietongguowulanmuqideyanchuhefudao,jidadituidongmuquwenyizhishidepujihexianjinwenhuadechuanbo。wulanmuqiduiyuanzaikuaisanrenmindeshijianzhongganranlebieren,yejiaoyuleziji。tamenyibianyanchu,yibianshoujizhengliminjianyishu,congshenghuoshijianzhongjiquzhihui、jifachuangzuolinggan,chuangzuochudexuduoyouxiujumu,ru《dingwanwu》《eerduosihunli》《kuaiziwu》deng,wubuzairenmenxinzhongliuxiameihaodeyinxiang,yerangrenmenjizhuleyipichuziwulanmuqideyishujia。 

  yongbaobense、wusifengxian。wulanmuqidedanshengshidangdewenyiluxianzaishaoshuminzudiqudechenggongshijian,zidanshengqitajiuyouzhexianmingershenhoudehongsejiyin,shiyizhigeminghua、minzuhua、qunzhonghuadewenyigongzuoduiwu。wulanmuqimeiciyanchu,yidinghuibazheigeshiqidangdefangzhenzhengcechuandidaojiceng,suiranmuqupianyuan、juzhufensan、tongxintiaojianjiaocha,danshimuqudexinxibingbubisai,muminqunzhongduidangchongmanzheshenhouganqing,shizhongtixianchuyoujuewu、youdandang。shangshijiwuliushiniandai,caoyuanmuqinshouyangshanghaiguer、caoyuanyingxiongxiaojiemei、ejinaqirenminzhichiguofangkuaisandengshengdongshiji,chongfentixiancaoyuanernvxinxiangdang、tingdanghua、gendangzoudejiandingxinnian,tixiangezurenmindedajuyishi、aiguoqinghuai,zheixieyeyuwulanmuqidewusifengxianshifenbukaide。wulanmuqiyizijideshijixingdong,yingdeguangdamuminqunzhongdexinren,muminmenbawulanmuqiduiyuanchengzuo“manaihuhede(kuaisandehaizi)”。 

  shouwangxiangzhu、jiankufendou。wulanmuqiduiyuanjiyoumengguzu、hanzu,yeyouqitashaoshuminzu,zishenjiushiyigeduominzudedajiating,dajiaxianghuxuexi、xianghuxinshang,tongshiyuguangdanongmuminqunzhongshouwangxiangzhu、gongtongfendou,geminzujiaowangkuaisanjiaorong,qinruyijia,wulanmuqiyizhishiminzutuanjiededianfan。yitianweimubu,yidiweiwutai,shiwulanmuqiyikuweile、jiankufendoudezhenshixiezhao,wulanmuqijianlichuqi,duiyuanmenziligengsheng,zijidongshouxiujiansushe、pailianshi,zijidongshouzhizuofuzhuangdaoju,kefuzhongzhongkunnan,xingjinzailiaokuodecaoyuanshang。gaigekaifanghou,wulanmuqijixubaochijiankufendoudechuantong,didangzhujingjidachaozhonggezhongliyidailaideyouhuo,shizhongjianshouxinyang,mianxiangjiceng、mianxiangnongcunmuqu,laoduiyuanyanchuanshenjiao,rangwulanmuqidehaochuantong、haozuofengdedaochuancheng,wulanmuqishiyexinhuoxiangchuan,“hongsewenyiqingqibing”zheimianqizhigengjiayiyishenghui。 

  

  san 

快三  xijinpingzongshujizaidangdeshijiudabaogaozhongzhichu: “dangdaizhongguogongchandangrenhezhongguorenminyinggaierqieyidingnenggoudanfuqixindewenhuashiming,zaishijianchuangzaozhongjinxingwenhuachuangzao,zailishijinbuzhongshixianwenhuajinbu!”xinshidai,wulanmuqibiranyaodanfuqixindelishishiming。 

  diyi,danfuqixuanchuanxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangdexinshiming。wulanmuqiyaochongfenfahuizijideduteyoushi,buduantishengyishuchuangzuoshuizhun,yifengfuduocaidewenyixingshi,guangfanxuanchuan“lianggeyibainian”fendoumubiaohezhongguoteseshehuizhuyijibenfanglve,rangxijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangtongguowenyidexingshichuanbiancaoyuan,zhuanhuaweiguangdaganbuqunzhongjueshengquanmianjianchengxiaokangshehui、duoquxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyiweidashenglidejutishijian。 

快三  dier,danfuqituidongshehuizhuyiwenhuafanrongxingshengdexinshiming。xijinpingzongshujizhichu: “wenhuashiyigeguojia、yigeminzudelinghun。wenhuaxingguoyunxing,wenhuaqiangminzuqiang。”“kuaisanguoshaoshuminzunenggeshanwu,zhangqiyilaixingchengleduoziduocaidewenyichengguo,zheishikuaisanguowenyideguibao,yaobaohuhao、fazhanhao,rangtamenzaizuguowenyibaihuayuanzhongzhanfangchugengjiaxuanlideguangcai。”wulanmuqiheguangdawenyigongzuozheyaojianchibuwangbenlai、xishouwailai、mianxiangweilai,jianchichuangzaoxingzhuanhua、chuangxinxingfazhan,fuyucaoyuanwenhuaxindejiazhineihan,shineixieshenzangzaibowuguanzhong、sanluozaiminjianmenggubaoli、chenshuizaicaoyuansenlinshamogebishangdeyouxiuchuantongminzuwenhuadengshangwutai,huanfaxindeshengmingli。neimenggujuyouguangrongdegemingchuantong,zaidangdelingdaoxia,gezurenminzaifandifanfengjiangemingdouzhengzhong,zaijianlineimengguzizhiqudeweidashijianzhong,xiexiazhuanglishipian,xingchengyingxiangshenyuan、kegekeqidegemingwenhua。kuaisanyaoshenruwajue,nulichuangzuogengduoougedang、ougezuguo、ougerenmin、ougeyingxiongdeyouxiuzuopin,bagemingwenhuajichenghao、hongyanghao,shihongsejiyinshidaixiangchuan。fahuishehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanduiguominjiaoyu、jingshenwenmingchuangjian、jingshenwenhuachanpinchuangzuoshengchanchuanbodeyinlingzuoyong,bashehuizhuyihexinjiazhiguanrongrushehuishenghuogefangmian,zhuanhuaweirenmendeqingganrentonghexingweixiguan。 

  disan,danfuqimanzurenminqunzhongriyizengzhangdemeihaoshenghuoxuyaodexinshiming。xijinpingzongshujiqiangdiao,“renminxuyaoyishu,yishuyexuyaorenmin”“manzurenminguoshangmeihaoshenghuodexinqidai,bixutigongfengfudejingshenshiliang。”wulanmuqiheguangdawenyigongzuozheyaoshizhongjianchiyirenminweizhongxindechuangzuodaoxiang,bamanzurenminjingshenwenhuaxuqiuzuoweichufadianheluojiaodian,barenminzuoweiyishubiaoxiandezhuti,barenminzuoweiyishushenmeidejianshangjiahepingpanzhe,bagezurenminshouwangxiangzhu、tuanjiefendoudehongdashijianzuoweiyishuchuangzuodebujieyuanquan,shulijingpinyishi,zhagenrenmin、zhagenshenghuo,chuangzuogengduojiediqi、chuandekai、liudexiadeyouxiuzuopin,shixianneimengguwenyichuangzuoyou“gaoyuan”dao“gaofeng”demaijin。 

  

  si 

快三  zaiweirenminkuaisan、weishehuizhuyikuaisanshijianzhongxingchengdewulanmuqijingshen,yijingchengweineimenggugezurenmindebaoguicaifu。tacengjingjilikuaisanyuquanguorenminyidaocongzhanqilaizouxiangfuqilai,jintian,zhengzaijilikuaisancongfuqilaizouxiangqiangqilai,kuaisanxinshidaide“mofanzizhiqu”。 

  wulanmuqiqishikuaisan,zhiyoushizhongjianchidangdelingdao,yongyuantingdanghua、gendangzou,kuaisandeshiyecainenggouyiwangwuqian、pengbofazhan。zhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyixiangweidadeshiye,kuaisanbixulaogushuli“sigeyishi”、zengqiang“sigezixin”,jianjueweihuxijinpingzongshujihexindiwei、jianjueweihudangzhongyangquanweihejizhongtongyilingdao,quebaolingxingjinzhi。zhiyouzheiyang,cainengbakuaisanyijingkaichuangdeshiyebuduantuixiangqianjin。 

  wulanmuqiqishikuaisan,zhiyouzhenzhengzuodaoyirenminweizhongxin,jiejuehao“weileshei、yikaoshei、kuaisanshishei”dewenti,kuaisandegongzuocainengbawozhengquedefangxiang。yirenminweizhongxinshixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangdehexinyaoyizhiyi,yeshikuaisanyiqiegongzuodechufadianheluojiaodian。kuaisanzhiyouyurenmintonghuxi、gongmingyun、xinlianxin,barenminduimeihaoshenghuodexiangwangzuoweifendoumubiao,shizhongdaizheduiqunzhongdeshenhouganqingqugongzuo,ranggezurenminxiangyougengduohuodegan、xingfugan、anquangan,cainengdedaorenmindexinrenheyonghu。 

  wulanmuqiqishikuaisan,zhiyoujianchishishiqiushidesixiangluxian,jianchiyiqiegongzuocongshijichufa,cainengshikuaisandegexianggongzuojingdeqilishiherenmindejianyan。neimenggudiyuguangkuo,youchengshi、nongqu、muqu、linqu、kenqu,gediqingkuangchayihenda,gexianggongzuobixuyixijinpingxinshidaizhongguoteseshehuizhuyisixiangweizhiyin,badangzhongyangdejuecebushuyuneimenggudeshijijinmijieheqilai,zunzhongkexue,buduantuijinlilunchuangxin、shijianchuangxin,tuidongjingjishehuigenggaoshuiping、genggaozhiliangfazhan。 

  wulanmuqiqishikuaisan,zhiyoubashouwangxiangzhudelinianhe“minzutuanjieshigezurenminshengmingxian”deguannian,shenshenzhigenyugezuganbuqunzhongdesixiangzhizhong,cainengningjuqi“kuaisanlianglineimenggu、gongyuanweidazhongguomeng”debangboliliang。xijinpingzongshujizaicanjiashisanjiequanguorendayicihuiyineimenggudaibiaotuanshenyishiqiangdiao,neimenggudegaigefazhanwendinggongzuozuohaole,zaiquanguo、zaiguojishangdouyoujijiyiyi,yaoqiukuaisandanfuqiweihuguojiatongyi、minzutuanjiedegengdazeren。kuaisanyidingyaolaojixijinpingzongshujidezhutuo,cujingeminzuxiangshiliuziyiyangjinjinbaozaiyiqi,buwangchuxin,laojishiming,kuaisanxinshidai“mofanzizhiqu”。(benwenzuozheweineimengguzizhiqudangweifushuji、zizhiquzhuxi)

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